Teaching with Disruptive Technology: The Use of Augmented, Virtual, and Mixed Reality (HoloLens) for Disease Education

Adv Exp Med Biol. 2021;1317:147-162. doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-61125-5_8.


Modern technologies are often utilised in schools or universities with a variety of educational goals in mind. Of particular interest is the enhanced interactivity and engagement offered by mixed reality devices such as the HoloLens, as well as the ability to explore anatomical models of disease using augmented and virtual realities. As the students are required to learn an ever-increasing number of diseases within a university health science or medical degree, it is crucial to consider which technologies provide value to educators and students. This chapter explores the opportunities for using modern disruptive technologies to teach a curriculum surrounding disease. For relevant examples, a focus will be placed on asthma as a respiratory disease which is increasing in prevalence, and stroke as a neurological and cardiovascular disease. The complexities of creating effective educational curricula around these diseases will be explored, along with the benefits of using augmented reality and mixed reality as viable teaching technologies in a range of use cases.

Keywords: Asthma; Augmented reality; Medical education; Mixed reality; Stroke; Virtual reality.

MeSH terms

  • Augmented Reality*
  • Education, Medical*
  • Humans
  • Learning
  • Students
  • Virtual Reality*