The Effect of Using Micro-Clustered Water as a Polymer Medium

Int J Mol Sci. 2021 Apr 29;22(9):4730. doi: 10.3390/ijms22094730.


The aim of the study was to investigate the changes within the physicochemical properties of gelatin, carrageenan, and sodium alginate hydrosols prepared on the basis of micro-clustered (MC) water. The rheological parameters, contact angle and antioxidant activity of hydrosols were investigated. Moreover, the pH, oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) and electrical conductivity (EC) were measured. The hydrosols with MC water were characterized by a lower pH, decreased viscosity, a lower contact angle, and only slightly lower antioxidant activity than control samples. The results showed that hydrosol's properties are significantly changed by MC water, which can lead to enhancement of its applicability but requires further investigation.

Keywords: carrageenan; gelatin; hydrosol; micro-clustered; plasma; rheology; sodium alginate; water.

MeSH terms

  • Alginates / chemistry*
  • Antioxidants
  • Carrageenan / chemistry*
  • Electric Conductivity
  • Food Additives / chemistry*
  • Food Preservation / methods
  • Gelatin / chemistry*
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Plasma Gases
  • Polymers / chemistry*
  • Reactive Nitrogen Species
  • Reactive Oxygen Species
  • Rheology
  • Solubility
  • Solvents / chemistry*
  • Viscosity
  • Water / chemistry*


  • Alginates
  • Antioxidants
  • Food Additives
  • Plasma Gases
  • Polymers
  • Reactive Nitrogen Species
  • Reactive Oxygen Species
  • Solvents
  • Water
  • Carrageenan
  • Gelatin