Camouflage Treatment for Skeletal Maxillary Protrusion and Lateral Deviation with Classic-Type Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome

Acta Med Okayama. 2021 Apr;75(2):205-212. doi: 10.18926/AMO/61902.

Abstract

We herein report the case of a 19-year-old female with a transverse discrepancy, skeletal Class II malocclusion, severe crowding with concerns of classic-type Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS), aesthetics problems and functional problems. The main characteristics of classic EDS are loose-jointedness and fragile, easily bruised skin that heals with peculiar "cigarette-paper" scars. The anteroposterior and transverse skeletal discrepancies can generally be resolved by maxilla repositioning and mandibular advancement surgery following pre-surgical orthodontic treatment. However, this patient was treated with orthodontic camouflage but not orthognathic surgery because of the risks of skin bruising, poor healing and a temporomandibular disorder. A satisfactory dental appearance and occlusion were achieved after camouflage treatment with orthodontic anchor screws and the use of Class II elastics, including the preservation of the stomatognathic functions. Acceptable occlusion and dentition were maintained after a two-year retention period. This treatment strategy of orthodontic camouflage using temporary anchorage, such as anchor screws and Class II elastics, may be a viable treatment option for skeletal malocclusion patients with EDS.

Keywords: Class II; Ehlers-Danlos syndrome; asymmetry; camouflage; orthodontic anchor screw.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome / complications*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Malocclusion, Angle Class II / therapy*
  • Orthodontic Anchorage Procedures / methods*
  • Quality of Life
  • Young Adult