High spectral and spatial resolution MRI of prostate cancer: a pilot study

Magn Reson Med. 2021 Sep;86(3):1505-1513. doi: 10.1002/mrm.28802. Epub 2021 May 8.


Purpose: High spectral and spatial resolution (HiSS) MRI is a spectroscopic imaging method focusing on water and fat resonances that has good diagnostic utility in breast imaging. The purpose of this work was to assess the feasibility and potential utility of HiSS MRI for the diagnosis of prostate cancer.

Methods: HiSS MRI was acquired at 3 T from six patients who underwent prostatectomy, yielding a train of 127 phase-coherent gradient echo (GRE) images. In the temporal domain, changes in voxel intensity were analyzed and linear (R) and quadratic (R1, R2) quantifiers of signal logarithm decay were calculated. In the spectral domain, three signal scaling-independent parameters were calculated: water resonance peak width (PW), relative peak asymmetry (PRA), and relative peak distortion from ideal Lorentzian shape (PRD). Seven cancer and five normal tissue regions of interest were identified in correlation with pathology and compared.

Results: HiSS-derived quantifiers, except R2, showed high reproducibility (coefficients of variation, 5%-14%). Spectral domain quantifiers performed better than temporal domain quantifiers, with receiver operator characteristic areas under the curve ranging from of 0.83 to 0.91. For temporal domain parameters, the range was 0.74 to 0.91. Low absolute values of the coefficients of correlation between monoexponential decay markers (R, PW) and resonance shape markers (PRA, PRD) were observed (range, 0.23-0.38).

Conclusion: The feasibility and potential diagnostic utility of HiSS MRI in the prostate at 3 T without an endorectal coil was confirmed. Weak correlation between well-performing markers indicates that complementary information could be leveraged to further improve diagnostic accuracy.

Keywords: diagnostic accuracy; echo-planar spectroscopic imaging; high spectral and spatial resolution (HiSS) MRI; multiparametric MRI (mp-MRI) of prostate cancer; quantitative MRI; temporal and spatial domains.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging*
  • Male
  • Pilot Projects
  • Prostatic Neoplasms* / diagnostic imaging
  • Reproducibility of Results