Aims: Glioma is a highly invasive brain tumor, which makes prognosis challenging and renders patients resistant to various treatments. Induction of cell death is promising in cancer therapy. Ferroptosis, a recently discovered regulated cell death, can be induced for killing glioma cells. However, the prognostic prediction of ferroptosis-related genes (FRGs) in glioma remains elusive.
Methods: The mRNA expression profiles and gene variation and corresponding clinical data of glioma patients and NON-TUMOR control were downloaded from public databases. Risk score based on a FRGs signature was constructed in REMBRANDT cohort and validated in other datasets including CGGA-693, CGGA-325, and TCGA.
Results: Our results demonstrated that the majority of FRGs was differentially expressed among GBM, LGG, and NON-TUMOR groups (96.6%). Furthermore, the glioma patients with low-risk score exhibited a more satisfactory clinical outcome. The better prognosis was also validated in the glioma patients with low-risk score no matter to which grade they were affiliated. Functional analysis revealed that the high-risk score group was positively correlated with the enrichment scores for immune checkpoint blockade-related positive signatures, indicating the critical role of glioma immunotherapy via risk score.
Conclusion: A novel FRGs-related risk score can predict prognosis and immunotherapy in glioma patients.
Keywords: ferroptosis; gene signature; glioma; immunotherapy; prognosis; risk score.
© 2021 The Authors. CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.