Best practices for conducting and writing mixed methods research in social pharmacy

Res Social Adm Pharm. 2022 Jan;18(1):2184-2192. doi: 10.1016/j.sapharm.2021.04.015. Epub 2021 May 2.


Mixed method approaches are increasingly being used in social pharmacy research due to its potential to uncover insights that are not possible with separate quantitative and qualitative studies. Despite their increasing use, there are some limitations in these publications. Typically, specific mixed method designs are not chosen, quantitative and qualitative data are not systematically integrated, and the credibility or validity of the approach is not addressed. In this paper, we discuss mixed method designs and their applications in social pharmacy. Different integration techniques and legitimation types are detailed. We describe new methodological developments and provide examples from recent mixed method studies in social pharmacy. Finally, we also provide recommendations for planning, conducting, reporting, and evaluating mixed method studies. We suggest that researchers interested in conducting mixed method studies follow recommended guidelines and obtain training in mixed methods to ensure that rigorous mixed method studies are conducted in social and administrative pharmacy.

Keywords: Applications; Integration; Limitations; Mixed methods; Pharmacy; Recommendations.

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Pharmaceutical Services*
  • Pharmacy Research*
  • Qualitative Research
  • Research Design
  • Writing