The midgut hemolysin of Ixodes dammini (Acari:Ixodidae)

J Parasitol. 1988 Aug;74(4):532-7.


Midgut homogenates of the hard tick, Ixodes dammini, lyse erythrocytes from rabbits, rats, hamsters, and guinea pigs. The activity displays sigmoidal kinetics, has an alkaline pH optimum, and is activated by temperature. Hemolytic activity is lost when homogenates are incubated with trypsin or heated for 1 hr at 60 C. Activity is not detectable in nonfed ticks as well as ticks attached for up to 2 days to a host, but increases during the growth phase of feeding. Such activity is postulated to help the initial process of the blood meal digestion by releasing the contents of erythrocytes for further enzymatic hydrolysis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Female
  • Hemolysin Proteins / metabolism*
  • Hemolysis
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Temperature
  • Ticks / metabolism*
  • Time Factors


  • Hemolysin Proteins