Distribution of diandric and digynic triploidy depending on gestational age

J Assist Reprod Genet. 2021 Sep;38(9):2391-2395. doi: 10.1007/s10815-021-02202-4. Epub 2021 May 13.


Purpose: To establish the distribution of diandric and digynic triploidy depending on gestational age.

Methods: 107 triploid samples tested prospectively in a single genetic department during a four-year period were analyzed for parental origin of triploidy by Quantitative Fluorescent Polymerase Chain Reaction (QF-PCR) (n=95) with the use of matching parental samples or by MS-MLPA (n=12), when parental samples were unavailable. Tested pregnancies were divided into three subgroups with regard to the gestational age at spontaneous pregnancy loss: <11 gestational weeks, 11-14 gestational weeks, and >14 gestational weeks.

Results: Diandric triploidy constituted overall 44.9% (46.5% in samples miscarried <11 gestational weeks, 64.3% in samples miscarried between 11 and 14 gestational weeks, and 27.8% in pregnancies which survived >14 gestational weeks).

Conclusions: The distribution of diandric and digynic triploidy depends on gestational age. The majority of diandric triploid pregnancies is lost in the first trimester of pregnancy. In the second trimester, diandric cases are at least twice less frequent than digynic ones.

Keywords: Diandric (paternal) triploidy; Digynic (maternal) triploidy; MS-MLPA; QF-PCR.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Abortion, Spontaneous / epidemiology*
  • Abortion, Spontaneous / genetics
  • Female
  • Gestational Age*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Poland / epidemiology
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Trimester, First*
  • Pregnancy Trimester, Second*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Triploidy*