Gender differences in health-related quality of life measured by the Sarcoidosis Health Questionnaire

Sci Rep. 2021 May 13;11(1):10242. doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-89383-1.


Sarcoidosis is granulomatous disease, which complex etiology is yet to be fully discovered. In the majority of cases its course is self-limiting. However it can have different clinical manifestations and can be debilitating condition with great impact on health-related quality of life (HRQL). The aim of our study was to assess if there are any differences in HRQL dependent to gender. We examined a group of 33 males and 42 females (with no differences in mean age, disease activity, TLCO, FEV1, FVC, FEV1/FVC) with a use of Sarcoidosis Health Questionnaire. We revealed lower total and daily functioning score in female group. Further analyses stratified by sex and activity of the disease presented many significant differences between the groups, revealing important issues for the discussion about gender specific differences in the HRQL of patients with sarcoidosis. In spite of clinical presentation may be similar, expectations and main concerns of sarcoidosis patient can vary between females and males. Therefore, it appears that in terms of education and symptomatic treatment accents should be put differently depending on the gender of the patient. Our results may also point to a need for more gender-oriented patient-physician communication which could enable better understanding, potentially improve adherence to therapy and decrease the risk of possible complications.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Female
  • Health Status
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Poland
  • Quality of Life / psychology*
  • Sarcoidosis / physiopathology
  • Sarcoidosis / psychology*
  • Sex Characteristics
  • Sex Factors*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires