Assessment of Airborne Bacterial and Fungal Communities in Shahrekord Hospitals

J Environ Public Health. 2021 Apr 24:2021:8864051. doi: 10.1155/2021/8864051. eCollection 2021.


This paper presents information about airborne microorganisms (bacteria and fungi) in the indoor air of two hospitals (Kashani and Hajar) in the city of Shahrekord, Iran. The settle plate technique using open Petri dishes containing different culture media was employed to collect a sample and using Quick Take 30 Sample Pump three days per week for a period of 8 weeks. Standard microbiological methods were employed for the identification of bacterial and fungal isolates. The results showed that the concentration of bacteria in the study area ranged from 0 to 70 cfu/plate/h, while the concentration of fungi was 0 to 280 cfu/plate/h. Also, 12 bacterial and 3 fungal species were isolated and identified with varying frequencies of occurrence, including Staphylococcus spp., Escherichia coli, Salmonella, Enterobacter, Pseudomonas, Serratia Citrobacter, Proteus, and Klebsiella, while the fungal genera isolated included Yeast, Aspergillus flavus, and Penicillium. While the bacterial isolates Staphylococcus aureus (20.50%) and Pseudomonas (9.10%) were the most predominant airborne bacteria, yeast (22.70%) and Penicillium (20.50%) were the most frequently isolated fungal species. The population of microorganisms was the highest during the afternoon. The statistical analysis showed a significant difference between the microbial loads of the two hospitals at P < 0.05. The generated data underline the usefulness of monitoring the air quality of the indoor hospital.

MeSH terms

  • Air Microbiology*
  • Air Pollution, Indoor* / analysis
  • Bacteria / isolation & purification
  • Environmental Monitoring
  • Fungi / isolation & purification
  • Hospitals*
  • Humans
  • Iran
  • Mycobiome