Comparison of Cadmium Zinc Telluride ECG-gated SPECT equilibrium radionuclide angiocardiography to magnetic resonance imaging to measure right ventricular volumes and ejection fraction in patients with cardiomyopathy

J Nucl Cardiol. 2021 May 14. doi: 10.1007/s12350-021-02653-3. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

Aims: The objective of this study was to determine the accuracy of right ventricular function (RVF) assessed by Cadmium Zinc Telluride ECG-gated SPECT equilibrium radionuclide angiocardiography (CZT-ERNA).

Methods and results: Twenty-one consecutive patients with cardiomyopathy (aged 54 ± 19 years; 62% male) were included. RV ejection fraction (EF) and volumes were analyzed by CZT-ERNA and compared with values obtained by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR). Mean values were not different between CZT-ERNA and MRI for RVEF (48.1 ± 10.4% vs 50.8 ± 10.0%; P = .23). Significant correlations (P < .0001) were observed between CZT-ERNA and MRI for RVEF, RV end-diastolic volume, and end-systolic volume (r = 0.81, r = 0.93, and r = 0.96, respectively). Bland-Altman analysis showed a mean difference (bias) between CZT-ERNA and MRI for RVEF of -2.69% (95% CI - 5.35 to - 0.42) with good agreement between the 2 techniques (limits of agreement, -14.3 to 8.99). Intraobserver and interobserver reproducibility of RVF measured by CZT-ERNA was high.

Conclusion: CZT-ERNA provides accurate, reproducible assessment of RVF and appears as a good alternative to cardiac magnetic resonance for the evaluation of the magnitude of RVF in patients with cardiomyopathy.

Keywords: Cadmium Zinc Telluride ECG-gated SPECT equilibrium radionuclide angiocardiography; Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging; Right ventricle.