Current Concepts in Treatment of Acute Deltoid Instability

Foot Ankle Clin. 2021 Jun;26(2):315-327. doi: 10.1016/j.fcl.2021.03.006.


Although far less common than lateral ankle injuries, medial ankle sprains have been reported to result in significantly greater time lost and long-term disability when not diagnosed and treated accurately. Adequate diagnosis is paramount and the most important aspect is to determine whether the lesion is stable or unstable. Evidence confronting surgical versus conservative treatment in acute deltoid ligament lesions is largely anchored in the setting of ankle fractures. Ultimately treatment decisions rely on the clinical and imaging appraisal of each individual patient. This article discusses the isolated acute deltoid ligament impairment.

Keywords: Acute treatment; Deltoid ligament; Medial collateral ligament; Medial instability.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Ankle Fractures*
  • Ankle Injuries* / diagnosis
  • Ankle Injuries* / surgery
  • Ankle Joint / surgery
  • Humans
  • Ligaments
  • Ligaments, Articular / surgery