Genomic investigation of a dengue virus outbreak in Thiès, Senegal, in 2018

Sci Rep. 2021 May 14;11(1):10321. doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-89070-1.


Dengue virus is a major and rapidly growing public health concern in tropic and subtropic regions across the globe. In late 2018, Senegal experienced its largest dengue virus outbreak to date, covering several regions. However, little is known about the genetic diversity of dengue virus (DENV) in Senegal. Here we report complete viral genomes from 17 previously undetected DENV cases from the city of Thiès. In total we identified 19 cases of DENV in a cohort of 198 individuals with fever collected in October and November 2018. We detected 3 co-circulating serotypes; DENV 3 was the most frequent accounting for 11/17 sequences (65%), 4 (23%) were DENV2 and 2 (12%) were DENV1. Sequences were most similar to recent sequences from West Africa, suggesting ongoing local circulation of viral populations; however, detailed inference is limited by the scarcity of available genomic data. We did not find clear associations with reported clinical signs or symptoms, highlighting the importance of testing for diagnosing febrile diseases. Overall, these findings expand the known range of DENV in Senegal, and underscore the need for better genomic characterization of DENV in West Africa.

Publication types

  • Observational Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • DNA, Viral / isolation & purification
  • Dengue / blood
  • Dengue / diagnosis
  • Dengue / epidemiology
  • Dengue / virology*
  • Dengue Virus / genetics*
  • Dengue Virus / isolation & purification
  • Disease Outbreaks / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Genome, Viral
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Molecular Epidemiology
  • Phylogeny
  • Senegal / epidemiology
  • Serogroup
  • Young Adult


  • DNA, Viral