Background and aims: Glycine is involved in a wide range of metabolic pathways and increased circulating glycine is associated with reduced risk of cardio-metabolic diseases in Europeans but the genetic association between circulating glycine and cardiovascular risk is largely unknown in East Asians.
Methods and results: We conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) in Singaporean Chinese participants and investigated if genetically determined serum glycine were associated with incident coronary artery disease (CAD) (711 cases and 1,246 controls), cardiovascular death (1,886 cases and 21,707 controls) and angiographic CAD severity (as determined by the Modified Gensini score, N = 1,138).
Conclusion: Our study, a first in East Asians, suggest a protective role of glycine against CAD.
Keywords: Cardiovascular risk; Circulating glycine concentration; Genetic association; Genome-wide association study.
Copyright © 2021 The Italian Diabetes Society, the Italian Society for the Study of Atherosclerosis, the Italian Society of Human Nutrition and the Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Federico II University. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.