Photobiomodulation Therapy for the Management of Patients With Inferior Alveolar Neurosensory Disturbance Associated With Oral Surgical Procedures: An Interventional Case Series Study

J Lasers Med Sci. 2020 Fall;11(Suppl 1):S113-S118. doi: 10.34172/jlms.2020.S18. Epub 2020 Dec 30.


Introduction: Inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) injury is a serious complication during intraoral surgeries. We aimed to evaluate the outcome of photobiomodulation (PBM) therapy in patients with IAN injury associated with third molar or implant procedures. Methods: Eight patients with an alteration of sensory function of the IAN after third molar or implant surgeries were enrolled in this case series study. The patients received 10 sessions of PBM therapy (810 nm diode laser, 200 mW, 10 J/cm2 per point, three times a week). Pinprick (PP) and visual analogue scale (VAS) neurosensory tests were recorded at each treatment session and 14 days after the last treatment. The association between explanatory variables and the outcome of interest was analyzed using generalized estimating equations. Results: The median percentage change of outcomes from the first to the last visit was as follows: VAS score: +125.00% (range: 50.00 to 166.67); PP score: +350% (range: 150 to 800). The duration of paresthesia was inversely correlated with changes in VAS and PP scores. No significant association was found between patients' gender or age and changes in VAS and PP scores. Conclusion: Considering the limitations of this study, PBM with the parameters used in this study presented positive effects on neurosensory recovery in patients suffering from IAN injury associated with routine intraoral procedures. Patients with shorter duration of paresthesia tended to respond more favorably to PBM therapy.

Keywords: Inferior alveolar nerve; Low-level light therapy; Nerve regeneration; Photobiomodulation therapy.

Publication types

  • Case Reports