Background: COVID-19 epidemiologic studies comparing immunosuppressed and immunocompetent patients may provide insight into the impact of immunosuppressants on outcomes.
Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, we assembled kidney or kidney-pancreas transplant recipients who underwent transplant from January 1, 2010, to June 30, 2020, and kidney or kidney-pancreas waitlisted patients who were ever on the waitlist from January 1, 2019, to June 30, 2020. We identified laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 until January 31, 2021, and tracked its outcomes by leveraging informatics infrastructure developed for an outcomes research network.
Results: COVID-19 was identified in 62 of 887 kidney or kidney-pancreas transplant recipients and 20 of 434 kidney or kidney-pancreas waitlisted patients (7.0% vs. 4.6%, p = .092). Of these patients with COVID-19, hospitalization occurred in 48 of 62 transplant recipients and 8 of 20 waitlisted patients (77% vs. 40%, p = .002); intensive care unit admission occurred in 18 of 62 transplant recipients and 2 of 20 waitlisted patients (29% vs. 10%, p = .085); and 7 transplant recipients were mechanically ventilated and died, whereas no waitlisted patients were mechanically ventilated or died (11% vs. 0%, p = .116).
Conclusions: Our study provides single-center data and an informatics approach that can be used to inform the design of multicenter studies.
Keywords: COVID-19; epidemiology; kidney transplant; kidney waitlist.
© 2021 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.