Trastuzumab deruxtecan (T-DXd) is a HER2-targeting antibody-drug conjugate composed of a novel enzyme-cleavable linker and membrane-permeable topoisomerase I inhibitor payload. T-DXd has been approved for HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer and for HER2-positive metastatic gastric cancer. The approval in breast cancer was based on results from the DESTINY-Breast01 (U201; NCT03248492) and J101 (NCT02564900) trials. Here, we present dose justification for the approved 5.4 mg/kg every-3-weeks (Q3W) dose based on exposure-efficacy evaluated in patients with HER2-positive breast cancer (N = 337) from these 2 trials. Exposure-safety was assessed in patients with all tumor types (N = 639, n = 512 with breast cancer) across 5 trials, including J101 and DESTINY-Breast01. T-DXd doses ranged from 0.8-8.0 mg/kg Q3W; most patients received 5.4 (n = 312) or 6.4 mg/kg (n = 291). For each end point, multivariate logistic or Cox regression analysis was performed using various exposure metrics of T-DXd and released drug. A statistically significant association was observed between intact T-DXd area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) and confirmed objective response rate (ORR; P = 0.028). No significant exposure-response relationships were observed between intact T-DXd or released drug and duration of response or progression-free survival; however, follow-up was limited. All evaluated safety end points demonstrated a significant (P < 0.05) relationship with either intact T-DXd or released drug, with higher adverse event (AE) rates projected at higher exposures. Dose-response projections suggested an increase in ORR (67.5% vs. 62.9%) and toxicity (e.g., grade ≥ 3 all-cause treatment-emergent AEs: 61% vs. 54%) with T-DXd 6.4 vs. 5.4 mg/kg. Results demonstrate the benefit-risk profile at different doses and guide clinicians in the use of the 5.4-mg/kg Q3W dose in patients with HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer.
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