Perioperative Pain Management in Ambulatory and Inpatient Shoulder Surgery

JBJS Rev. 2021 May 18;9(5):e20.00191. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.RVW.20.00191.


»: Acetaminophen is an effective addition to a multimodal pain regimen; however, evidence to support intravenous versus oral administration requires further evaluation.

»: While nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are a valuable addition to a multimodal pain strategy, concerns regarding their effect on healing after certain procedures (i.e., rotator cuff repair) in select patients may preclude their use.

»: The use of perioperative gabapentinoids have varied results for pain control, and additional research is warranted to support their use after certain shoulder procedures.

»: Opioid-prescribing should be limited and reserved for severe postoperative pain. When prescribed, opioids should be taken at the lowest possible dose and for the shortest period.

»: Centrally acting analgesics such as tramadol have been shown to be as effective as opioids and have a lower risk of complications.

»: Nerve blocks are an excellent addition to multimodal pain management strategies. Longer-lasting formulations of perioperative single-shot injections and indwelling catheters may reduce rebound pain.

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Inpatients
  • Nerve Block* / methods
  • Pain Management* / methods
  • Pain, Postoperative / drug therapy
  • Pain, Postoperative / etiology
  • Pain, Postoperative / prevention & control
  • Shoulder / surgery