Sensitization profile to sawtooth oak component allergens and their clinical implications

J Clin Lab Anal. 2021 Jul;35(7):e23825. doi: 10.1002/jcla.23825. Epub 2021 May 18.


Objective: The component allergens from sawtooth oak, which is a main cause of tree pollinosis in Korea, have not been extensively characterized except Que ac 1. This study was undertaken to characterize the allergenic components from sawtooth oak pollen and investigate the diagnostic values of each component allergen.

Methods: Transcriptomic analysis was performed to identify the birch pollen allergen homologues from sawtooth oak pollen. Recombinant Que ac 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, and 8 were produced in an E. coli expression system. IgE reactivity to each allergen was examined by ImmunoCAP and ELISA using the sera of 50 Korean tree pollinosis patients.

Results: Six birch pollen allergen homologues were identified using transcriptome analysis, as follows: Que ac 1 (54.8% identity to Bet v 1), Que ac 2 (79.7% to Bet v 2), Que ac 3 (24.9% to Bet v 3), 6 (71.3% to Bet v 6), Que ac 7 (80.9% to Bet v 7), and Que ac 8 (78.9% to Bet v 8). Que ac 1 sIgE was the most frequently recognized (84.0%), followed by Que ac 2 (12.0%), Que ac 3 (6.0%), and three other allergens (2.0% each). Que ac 1 was a dominant allergen affecting 83.7% of patients suffering from allergic rhinoconjunctivitis, and 92.9% of pollen food allergy syndrome patients.

Conclusion: Five novel IgE reactive components of sawtooth oak were characterized using transcriptome analysis. Que ac 1 is the single most important component allergen of sawtooth oak pollen.

Keywords: allergen; oak; pollinosis.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Allergens / immunology*
  • Child
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Humans
  • Immunization*
  • Immunoglobulin E / immunology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Quercus / adverse effects*
  • Recombinant Proteins / immunology
  • Transcriptome / genetics
  • Young Adult


  • Allergens
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Immunoglobulin E