Potential of nanocellulose for wastewater treatment

Chemosphere. 2021 Oct:281:130738. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2021.130738. Epub 2021 May 12.


Wastewater management has significant interest worldwide to establish viable treatment techniques to ensure the availability of clean water. The specialities of nanocellulose for this particular application is due to their high aspect ratio and accessibility of plenty of -OH groups for binding with dyes, heavy metals and other pollutants. This review aggregates the application of nanocellulose for wastewater treatment particularly as adsorbents of dyes and heavy metals, and also as membranes for filtering various other contaminants including microbes. The membrane technologies are proven to be effective relating to their durability and separation effectiveness. The commercial scale application of nanocellulose based materials in water treatment processes depend on various factors like routes of synthesis, surface modifications, hydrophilic/hydrophobic, porosity, durability etc. The recent developments on production of novel adsorbents or membranes encourage the implementation of nanocellulose based cleaner technologies for wastewater treatment.

Keywords: Adsorption; Heavy metal; Membrane filter; Nanocellulose; Wastewater treatment.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adsorption
  • Metals, Heavy*
  • Wastewater
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical*
  • Water Purification*


  • Metals, Heavy
  • Waste Water
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical