Cardiac Implantable Devices Management in Medical Assistance in Dying (MAiD): Review and Recommendations for Cardiac Device Clinics

Can J Cardiol. 2021 Oct;37(10):1648-1650. doi: 10.1016/j.cjca.2021.05.004. Epub 2021 May 16.


The Medical Assistance in Dying (MAiD) program has been steadily expanding in Canada, and is expected to continue to do so. There are a substantial number of Canadians with pacemakers and defibrillators, many of whom are potential MAiD recipients. There is a need for review and reflection of standardisation of cardiac device management in MAiD patients, not only because of ethical concerns, but also because of the complexity of management at end of life. This document examines the status and role of cardiac devices (pacemakers and intracardiac defibrillators) and their physiologic interactions and influences during the MAiD process, and provides recommendations for their management.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Canada
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / therapy*
  • Defibrillators, Implantable*
  • Guidelines as Topic*
  • Humans
  • Medical Assistance / organization & administration*
  • Terminal Care / methods
  • Terminal Care / standards*
  • Terminally Ill*