Obesity in Pregnancy: ACOG Practice Bulletin, Number 230

Obstet Gynecol. 2021 Jun 1;137(6):e128-e144. doi: 10.1097/AOG.0000000000004395.


Obstetrician-gynecologists are the leading experts in the health care of women, and obesity is the most common medical condition in women of reproductive age. Obesity in women is such a common condition that the implications relative to pregnancy often are unrecognized, overlooked, or ignored because of the lack of specific evidence-based treatment options. The management of obesity requires long-term approaches ranging from population-based public health and economic initiatives to individual nutritional, behavioral, or surgical interventions. Therefore, an understanding of the management of obesity during pregnancy is essential, and management should begin before pregnancy and continue through the postpartum period. Although the care of the obese woman during pregnancy requires the involvement of the obstetrician or other obstetric care professional, additional health care professionals, such as nutritionists, can offer specific expertise related to management depending on the comfort level of the obstetric care professional. The purpose of this Practice Bulletin is to offer an integrated approach to the management of obesity in women of reproductive age who are planning a pregnancy.

Publication types

  • Practice Guideline

MeSH terms

  • Abortion, Spontaneous / epidemiology
  • Anesthesia, Obstetrical / standards
  • Cell-Free Nucleic Acids / analysis
  • Cesarean Section / statistics & numerical data
  • Congenital Abnormalities / diagnostic imaging
  • Delivery, Obstetric / standards*
  • Female
  • Fetal Death / prevention & control
  • Fetal Growth Retardation / epidemiology
  • Fetal Macrosomia / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Obesity, Maternal / complications
  • Obesity, Maternal / epidemiology*
  • Obesity, Maternal / prevention & control
  • Postnatal Care / standards*
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications / epidemiology*
  • Pregnancy Complications / etiology
  • Pregnancy Complications / prevention & control
  • Prenatal Care / standards
  • Stillbirth
  • Ultrasonography, Prenatal
  • Weight Gain


  • Cell-Free Nucleic Acids