Characteristics of Enrollees in the Supported Employment Demonstration

Psychiatr Serv. 2021 May 21;appips202000826. doi: 10.1176/appi.ps.202000826. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

Objective: The Supported Employment Demonstration (SED), a multiyear (2016-2022), randomized controlled trial funded by the Social Security Administration, recruited a nontraditional sample of benefits applicants with self-reported or documented mental health conditions who were denied disability benefits and who expressed a desire for employment. This study describes the characteristics of the SED sample at baseline.

Methods: The authors analyzed baseline data from the 2,960 eligible enrollees, including responses to the Composite International Diagnostic Interview, the 12-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12), and the Work Disability Functional Assessment Battery (WD-FAB).

Results: A majority of SED enrollees self-identified as female (57%), White (56%), and non-Hispanic (87%). Many were 35 years or older (58%), reported at least a high school education (81%), lived with relatives (69%), had never married (55%), were unemployed (81%), and were poor. Median monthly household income was $1,200. Anxiety disorders (71%), personality disorders (65%), and mood disorders (61%) were prevalent. Enrollees reported a mean±SD of 2.5±1.3 mental health conditions and 3.5±2.1 general medical conditions. Health-related quality of life was low, relative to national norms: mean scores for the sample were 32.6±12.5 on the SF-12 mental component summary and 38.3±13.0 on the physical component summary. Mean scores on the WD-FAB subdomains were more than a SD below norms.

Conclusions: At baseline, the SED sample had multiple mental health and general medical conditions, low quality of life, and low functional ability. Despite these challenges, the ongoing SED intervention seeks to build on enrollees' expressed desire for employment.

Keywords: Disability; Rehabilitation/psychosocial.