Background: Chromatin modifier metastasis-associated protein 1 (MTA1), closely associated with tumor angiogenesis in breast cancer, plays an important role in gene expression and cancer cell behavior. Recently, an association between O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) and MTA1 was identified by mass spectroscopy. However, the potential relationship between MTA1 and O-GlcNAc modification has not yet explored.
Methods: In the current study, the role of MTA1 and its O-GlcNAc modification in breast cancer cell genotoxic adaptation was investigated through quantitative proteomics, chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by sequencing (ChIP-seq), transcriptome analysis, and loss- and gain-of-function experiments.
Results: We demonstrate that the O-GlcNAc modification promotes MTA1 to interaction with chromatin and thus changes the expression of target genes, contributing to breast cancer cell genotoxic adaptation. MTA1 is modified with O-GlcNAc residues at serine (S) residues S237/S241/S246 in adriamycin-adaptive breast cancer cells, and this modification improves the genome-wide interactions of MTA1 with gene promotor regions by enhancing its association with nucleosome remodeling and histone deacetylation (NuRD) complex. Further, O-GlcNAc modification modulates MTA1 chromatin binding, influencing the specific transcriptional regulation of genes involved in the adaptation of breast cancer cells to genotoxic stress.
Conclusions: Our findings reveal a previously unrecognized role for O-GlcNAc-modified MTA1 in transcriptional regulation and suggest that the O-GlcNAc modification is a key to the molecular regulation of chemoresistance in breast cancers.
Keywords: Breast cancer; Genotoxic adaptation; MTA1; O-GlcNAc.
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