Polysaccharides and extracts from Agaricus brasiliensis Murill - A comprehensive review

Int J Biol Macromol. 2021 Jul 31:183:1697-1714. doi: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2021.05.112. Epub 2021 May 19.


Edible mushrooms have been increasingly introduced into the human diet, which has driven research into their functional properties. Thus, Agaricus brasiliensis Murill or Agaricus blazei Murill (ABM) is a species native to the Brazilian biome, whose fruiting body has been used not only for dietary purposes, but also in the development of functional foods or as source of molecules of pharmacological interest. The bioactivity of ABM has been related to the presence of polysaccharides, although the contribution of other metabolites cannot be discharged. This work describes the polysaccharides isolation methodology and preparation of the extracts of ABM and their biological activities. Furthermore, it presents a general outline of its characterizations regarding composition, chemical structure and properties in solution. The ABM and its chemical constituents exhibit several biological activities that support their potential use for prevention or treatment of diseases with inflammatory background, such as cancer, diabetes and atherosclerosis. The mechanism of action of the extracts and polysaccharides from ABM is mainly related to a modulation of immune system response or reduction of inflammatory response. This review shows that the ABM has great potential in the pharmaceutical, biotechnological and food sectors that deserves additional research using standardized products.

Keywords: Agaricus brasiliensis Murill or Agaricus blazei Murill mushroom; Immunomodulatory activity and anti-inflammatory activity; Polysaccharides and extracts.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Agaricus / metabolism*
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / chemistry
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / isolation & purification
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / pharmacology*
  • Brazil
  • Functional Food
  • Fungal Polysaccharides / chemistry
  • Fungal Polysaccharides / isolation & purification
  • Fungal Polysaccharides / pharmacology*
  • Humans


  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents
  • Fungal Polysaccharides

Supplementary concepts

  • Agaricus brasiliensis