Objective/background: The need for revascularization of the distal posterior cerebral artery (PCA) in the treatment of PCA aneurysms is a contentious issue. Approaches to the PCA, such as the subtemporal route, carry significant perioperative risk. This risk at times outweighs the risk of ischemia associated with endovascular PCA sacrifice. This paper describes the use of an extreme lateral supracerebellar infratentorial (ELSCIT) approach as an alternative technique for distal PCA revascularization.
Methods: Between 2016 and 2019, 3 patients underwent a PCA bypass via the ELSCIT approach for the treatment of a PCA aneurysm. In all cases, an end-to-side anastomosis to the P2- or P3-segment of the PCA was made, with the occipital artery as a donor. Bypass procedures were followed by endovascular parent artery occlusion, without ischemic complications.
Results: In all 3 cases, the ELSCIT approach offered a broad enough surgical corridor to perform an occipital artery-to-PCA bypass. One patient suffered a cerebrospinal fluid leak that was surgically treated. Patients' clinical conditions were stable on follow-up (mean follow-up of 34 months). All 3 aneurysms remained occluded, and no ischemia was detected on magnetic resonance imaging.
Conclusions: The ELSCIT approach offers an alternative route to the distal PCA for extracranial-to-intracranial bypass with seemingly low perioperative morbidity and good surgical access to the PCA.
Keywords: Bypass; Extreme lateral; Occipital artery; Parent artery occlusion; Posterior cerebral artery; Supracerebellar.
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