Early Detection of Cerebral Herniation by Continuous Electroencephalography and Quantitative Analysis

Clin EEG Neurosci. 2022 Mar;53(2):133-137. doi: 10.1177/15500594211018535. Epub 2021 May 24.

Abstract

Continuous electroencephalography (cEEG) and quantitative analysis of EEG (qEEG) are used in various circumstances such as detecting seizures, identifying acute or delayed cerebral ischemia, monitoring sedative therapy, or assessing prognosis. The authors report 2 cases: (1) Case #1 was a patient with unilateral cerebral edema and uncal herniation with asymmetric cEEG and qEEG changes detected an hour before clinical examination changes were noted and (2) Case #2 was a patient with diffuse cerebral edema and trans-tentorial herniation with symmetric cEEG and qEEG changes detected an hour before clinical examination changes were noted. These cases demonstrate the ability of cEEG and qEEG in early detection of different types of cerebral herniation. qEEG can be utilized by intensive care unit (ICU) staff not trained in EEG interpretation as a surveillance method to detect cerebral herniation, which may provide an opportunity for early intervention in high-risk patients.

Keywords: EEG; cerebral edema; herniation; qEEG; quantitative EEG; suppression.

MeSH terms

  • Brain Diseases*
  • Early Diagnosis
  • Electroencephalography*
  • Humans
  • Intensive Care Units
  • Monitoring, Physiologic
  • Seizures / diagnosis