Modified dynamic high-frequency ultrasound-guided needle aponeurotomy for Dupuytren's contracture

Hand Surg Rehabil. 2021 May 21;S2468-1229(21)00155-9. doi: 10.1016/j.hansur.2021.05.006. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

The aim of this report was to introduce the use of modified dynamic high-frequency ultrasound-guided needle aponeurotomy for Dupuytren's contracture. From January 2014 to February 2019, the technique was used in 42 consecutive patients who suffered from Dupuytren's contracture: 38 male and 4 female; mean age, 57 years (range, 32-80 years). Assessments comprised total active extension deficit and total active flexion of the fingers, active range of motion, Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) score, and EQ-5D index. Recurrence was defined as ≥20° flexion contracture. Compared to the opposite hand, preoperative total active extension deficit and total active flexion were 105° ± 32° and 221° ± 33°, respectively. The mean active range of motion of the metacarpophalangeal, proximal interphalangeal and distal interphalangeal joints was 42° ± 24°, 37° ± 26° and 62° ± 14°, respectively. Mean follow-up was 27 months (range, 24-35 months). There were no cases of tendon rupture or neurovascular injury. Total active extension deficit and total active flexion at the final follow-up were 17° ± 11° and 225° ± 32°, respectively. The mean active range of motion of metacarpophalangeal, proximal interphalangeal and distal interphalangeal joints was 73° ± 28°, 89° ± 24° and 63° ± 16°, respectively. The pre- and post-operative DASH scores were 18 ± 10 and 5 ± 2, respectively. Health-related quality of life on EQ-5D index improved from 0.72 ± 0.28 pre-operatively to 0.88 ± 0.72 post-operatively (p < 0.05). Recurrence rates in the metacarpophalangeal joint and proximal interphalangeal joint were 7% and 11%, respectively. The modified dynamic high-frequency ultrasound-guided needle aponeurotomy is a safe and effective way to treat Dupuytren's contractures. Ultrasound visualization ensures that the cords can be completely transected. Dynamic ultrasound decreases the risk of iatrogenic injury to the neurovascular bundles and tendons, and decreases the recurrence rate. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic study, level IV.

Keywords: Aiguille; Aponeurotomy; Aponévrectomie; Dupuytren’s contracture; Dynamic high-frequency ultrasound; Echographie dynamique de haute fréquence; Maladie de Dupuytren; Needle.