Anterior tibial artery pseudoaneurysm

Med J Malaysia. 2021 May;76(3):429-431.

Abstract

A pseudoaneurysm, or false aneurysm, is a haematoma that is formed secondary to a leaking hole in an artery. This haematoma is contained by surrounding fascia. In contrast, a true aneurysm contains all three layers of vessel wall, namely intima. Pseudoaneurysms are scarce and can arise consequential of numerous iatrogenic influences, including but not limited to, blunt or penetrating trauma, orthopedic procedures like tibial nailing or ankle arthroscopy, and sports injury. A thorough history taking focusing on the recent history of trauma or instrumentation and clinical examination should raise the suspicion of a pseudoaneurysm. In doubtful cases, imaging modalities such as an ultrasound and doppler examination of the lower limb can be utilized to confirm the diagnosis. Our case was a 37-year-old gentleman presented with progressive swelling in the anterior aspect of his left leg for the past two weeks. The patient had a atypical presentation, with absence of classic signs of a pseudoaneurysm such as a pulsatile mass, absence distal pulses or a thrill or bruit. However, these injuries albeit rare can be sinister and prompt diagnosis is critical, so that pertinent treatment can be delivered. Our case highlights the importance of sonographic approaches for suspected vascular injuries.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aneurysm, False* / diagnostic imaging
  • Aneurysm, False* / etiology
  • Hematoma
  • Humans
  • Leg
  • Male
  • Tibial Arteries / diagnostic imaging
  • Tibial Arteries / injuries
  • Tibial Arteries / surgery
  • Wounds, Penetrating*