Cannabis Seed Oil Alleviates Experimental Atherosclerosis by Ameliorating Vascular Inflammation in Apolipoprotein-E-Deficient Mice

J Agric Food Chem. 2021 Aug 18;69(32):9102-9110. doi: 10.1021/acs.jafc.0c07251. Epub 2021 May 26.


In recent decades, epidemiological, clinical, and experimental studies have demonstrated that a diet with antioxidant or anti-inflammatory function plays a central role in the prevention of atherosclerosis (AS). The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of Cannabis seed oil (CO) administration on in vitro antioxidant capacity as well as blood lipid profiles, lipid peroxidation, inflammatory response, and endothelial cell integrity. Female ApoE-/- mice were fed a high-cholesterol diet and administrated with CO or phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) and seal oil by gavage for 8 weeks. The results show that CO administration reduced the levels of serum triglycerides and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol at week 6. Additionally, a decrease in serum tumor necrosis factor α and nitric oxide was also observed. Moreover, results from CD31 staining and scanning electron microscopy revealed that CO treatment alleviated the endothelial cell damage and lipid deposition induced by a high-cholesterol diet. The ratio of lesion area to the total aorta area was 19.57% for the CO group, which was lower than the PBS control group (24.67%). Collectively, CO exerted anti-atherosclerotic effects by modulating serum lipid profiles and inflammatory responses and improving endothelial cell integrity and arterial lipid deposition. The results provide a promising preventive strategy for the early progression of AS.

Keywords: Cannabis seed oil; anti-inflammation; antioxidation; arterial lipid deposition; atherosclerosis; endothelial cell integrity.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Apolipoproteins E / genetics
  • Atherosclerosis* / drug therapy
  • Atherosclerosis* / genetics
  • Cannabis*
  • Female
  • Inflammation / drug therapy
  • Inflammation / genetics
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Plant Oils


  • Apolipoproteins E
  • Plant Oils