Magnetic resonance fingerprinting: an overview

Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging. 2021 Dec;48(13):4189-4200. doi: 10.1007/s00259-021-05384-2. Epub 2021 May 26.


Magnetic resonance fingerprinting (MRF) is an evolving quantitative MRI framework consisting of unique data acquisition, processing, visualization, and interpretation steps. MRF is capable of simultaneously producing multiple high-resolution property maps including T1, T2, M0, ADC, and T2* measurements. While a relatively new technology, MRF has undergone rapid development for a variety of clinical applications from brain tumor characterization and epilepsy imaging to characterization of prostate cancer, cardiac imaging, among others. This paper will provide a brief overview of current state of MRF technology including highlights of technical and clinical advances. We will conclude with a brief discussion of the challenges that need to be overcome to establish MRF as a quantitative imaging biomarker.

Keywords: Magnetic resonance fingerprinting; Quantitative imaging; Relaxometry.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Brain
  • Brain Neoplasms*
  • Cardiac Imaging Techniques
  • Epilepsy*
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Male
  • Phantoms, Imaging