Left ventricular wall motion abnormalities in subarachnoid hemorrhage: an echocardiographic study

J Am Coll Cardiol. 1988 Sep;12(3):600-5. doi: 10.1016/s0735-1097(88)80044-5.


Although electrocardiographic (ECG) abnormalities and autopsy evidence of myocardial necrosis are associated with subarachnoid hemorrhage, their relation to in vivo measures of left ventricular function in this condition has not been established. Thirteen patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage and no prior history of heart disease were studied by two-dimensional echocardiography, performed initially 10 to 48 h (mean 18) after admission and serially for less than or equal to 14 days. Serum creatine kinase (total and myocardial isoenzyme) was determined 5 times over the first 48 h; ECGs were performed daily. Neurologic state was assessed with the use of a standard grading system. Four patients (Group I) exhibited left ventricular wall motion abnormalities in one to eight segments. In two of these patients there was also left ventricular apical mural thrombus that embolized in one patient, leading to further neurologic deterioration. The initial creatine kinase myocardial isoenzyme was higher in Group I than in Group II (patients without wall motion abnormalities) (10.3 versus 2.1 U/liter, p less than 0.001), initial heart rate was higher (91 versus 61 beats/min, p less than 0.01), neurologic grade was higher (2.5 to 4.5 versus 1 to 2, p less than 0.001) and inverted T waves were more common (4 of 4 versus 1 of 9). Three of the four patients in Group I died; two of the three underwent autopsy and were found to have no significant coronary artery disease. No other patients died.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Creatine Kinase / blood
  • Echocardiography*
  • Electrocardiography*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Heart / physiopathology*
  • Heart Ventricles / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Isoenzymes / blood
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Contraction*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage / physiopathology*


  • Isoenzymes
  • Creatine Kinase