CSNK2B: A broad spectrum of neurodevelopmental disability and epilepsy severity

Epilepsia. 2021 Jul;62(7):e103-e109. doi: 10.1111/epi.16931. Epub 2021 May 26.


CSNK2B has recently been implicated as a disease gene for neurodevelopmental disability (NDD) and epilepsy. Information about developmental outcomes has been limited by the young age and short follow-up for many of the previously reported cases, and further delineation of the spectrum of associated phenotypes is needed. We present 25 new patients with variants in CSNK2B and refine the associated NDD and epilepsy phenotypes. CSNK2B variants were identified by research or clinical exome sequencing, and investigators from different centers were connected via GeneMatcher. Most individuals had developmental delay and generalized epilepsy with onset in the first 2 years. However, we found a broad spectrum of phenotypic severity, ranging from early normal development with pharmacoresponsive seizures to profound intellectual disability with intractable epilepsy and recurrent refractory status epilepticus. These findings suggest that CSNK2B should be considered in the diagnostic evaluation of patients with a broad range of NDD with treatable or intractable seizures.

Keywords: CSNK2A1; CK2; MSNE; casein kinase II; generalized epilepsy; myoclonic seizures; myoclonic status epilepticus.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age of Onset
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Developmental Disabilities / genetics*
  • Developmental Disabilities / physiopathology
  • Epilepsies, Myoclonic / diagnosis
  • Epilepsies, Myoclonic / etiology
  • Epilepsies, Myoclonic / genetics
  • Epilepsy, Generalized / diagnosis
  • Epilepsy, Generalized / etiology
  • Epilepsy, Generalized / genetics*
  • Exome / genetics
  • Female
  • Genetic Variation
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Intellectual Disability / etiology
  • Intellectual Disability / genetics
  • Male
  • Mutation / genetics
  • Phenotype
  • Status Epilepticus / diagnosis
  • Status Epilepticus / etiology
  • Status Epilepticus / genetics
  • Young Adult