Introduction: Some patients have late recurrence after acutely successful radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) of premature ventricular complexes (PVCs). The aim of this study was to evaluate predictors of long-term success following acutely successful PVC RFCA.
Methods: We identified consecutive patients at our institution with frequent PVCs undergoing RFCA and reviewed procedural data and medical records. Acute success was defined as elimination of targeted PVCs for at least 30-min after RFCA. Long-term success was defined as absence of targeted PVCs during all follow-up visits and PVC-burden <5% on follow-up monitoring.
Results: Among 241 patients (mean age 57 ± 15 years, 58% male), 161 (66.8%) had long-term success with median follow-up of 17.7 (IQR, 12.2-29.8) months. Unadjusted predictors of late PVC recurrence were increasing age, diabetes mellitus and alcohol use, while female-sex, shorter ablation-time, right ventricular PVC-origin, single PVC morphology, and earliest bipolar activation ≥24 ms pre-QRS were predictors of long-term success. In multivariate-analysis, female-sex, single-PVC morphology and earliest-onset of PVC ≥ 24 ms pre-QRS were independent predictors for long-term success. The positive-predictive value of earliest-bipolar onset of PVC ≥ 24 ms pre-QRS for long-term success was 0.77 (p < .001). Negative-predictive value of PVC < 15 ms pre-QRS for long-term success was 0.86 (p = .003), suggesting that RFCA when the bipolar electrogram preceded QRS by <15 ms was unlikely to result in long-term success.
Conclusions: Female-sex, single-PVC morphology, and earliest-onset of bipolar electrogram ≥24 ms pre-QRS were multivariable predictors of long-term success in patients with PVCs undergoing RFCA. RFCA at sites with local onset <15 ms pre-QRS are unlikely to be successful.
Keywords: bipolar; electrogram; female; mapping; premature ventricular complex; radiofrequency catheter ablation.
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