Design approaches and challenges for biodegradable bone implants: a review

Expert Rev Med Devices. 2021 Jul;18(7):629-647. doi: 10.1080/17434440.2021.1935875. Epub 2021 Jun 14.


Introduction: Biodegradable materials have been at the forefront of cutting-edge research and offer a truly viable option in the designing and manufacturing of bone implants in biomedical engineering. Most research regarding these materials has focused on their biological characteristics and mechanical behavior vis-à-vis nonbiodegradable (NB) materials; but the design aspects and parametric configurations of biodegradable bone implant have somehow not received as much attention as they deserved.Area covered: This review aims to develop insight into the parametrically conceptualized design of biodegradable bone implant and takes into due consideration the characteristics of bone-biodegradable implant interface (BBII), design techniques employed for conventionally used bone implants to optimize parameters using standard test methods, traditional design, and finite element analysis approaches for implant and healing behavior, manufacturing techniques, real-time surgical simulations, and so on.Expert opinion: Some successful and conventionally used NB bone implants do not dissolve or degrade with time and require removal through a complicated surgery after fulfilling the intended objectives. These bone implants should be reconceptualized and designed with an appropriate biodegradable material while paying due attention to all factors/parameters involved and striking a balance between these factors with the ultimate objective of fulfilling all desired orthopedic requirements.

Keywords: Biomedical; FEM; biodegradable bone implants; design; orthopedics.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Absorbable Implants*
  • Biocompatible Materials*
  • Bone and Bones
  • Finite Element Analysis
  • Humans


  • Biocompatible Materials