Deep Learning Methods to Predict Mortality in COVID-19 Patients: A Rapid Scoping Review

Stud Health Technol Inform. 2021 May 27:281:799-803. doi: 10.3233/SHTI210285.


The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has become the most impactful pandemic of the past century. The SARS-CoV-2 virus has spread rapidly across the globe affecting and straining global health systems. More than 2 million people have died from COVID-19 (as of 30 January 2021). To lessen the pandemic's impact, advanced methods such as Artificial Intelligence models are proposed to predict mortality, morbidity, disease severity, and other outcomes and sequelae. We performed a rapid scoping literature review to identify the deep learning techniques that have been applied to predict hospital mortality in COVID-19 patients. Our review findings provide insights on the important deep learning models, data types, and features that have been reported in the literature. These summary findings will help scientists build reliable and accurate models for better intervention strategies for predicting mortality in current and future pandemic situations.

Keywords: COVID-19; Death; Deep Learning; Mortality; Pandemic; Scoping Review.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • COVID-19*
  • Deep Learning*
  • Humans
  • Pandemics
  • SARS-CoV-2