Good clinical outcomes and return to sports after hybrid closed-wedge high tibial osteotomy

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2023 Apr;31(4):1220-1229. doi: 10.1007/s00167-021-06621-9. Epub 2021 May 29.


Purpose: This study aimed to investigate preoperative sports participation and postoperative clinical outcomes including a return to sports (RTS) after hybrid closed-wedge high tibial osteotomy (CWHTO) for medial compartment osteoarthritis of the knee. Characteristic of Hybrid CWHTO was defined as extra-articular lateral closed and medial open wedge osteotomy.

Methods: The patients who underwent hybrid CWHTO from January 2016 to December 2018 were retrospectively reviewed and divided them into sports and non-sports groups. The preoperative demographic and radiographic characteristics were compared in both groups. And the clinical outcomes including the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score, visual analogue scale (VAS), Lysholm score, University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) activity score, and RTS in the sports group were also investigated. Statistical analysis was performed for comparisons among the preoperative factors between the two groups. Influence of sports impact and bone union of fibular osteotomy was also statistically investigated for RTS.

Results: Of the 161 knees (129 patients; 46 males, 83 females), 20 knees (16 patients; 13 males, 3 females; 12.3%) belonged to sports group. Although there were no significant differences regarding the age and radiographic parameters, there were significant differences in the body mass index and proportion of males between both groups. The JOA, VAS, Lysholm, and UCLA activity scores significantly improved after surgery. RTS was 80% at a mean duration of 7.2 ± 3.1 months. RTS in the high-impact sports group was significantly lower than that in the low-impact sports group (high-impact 60% vs. low-impact 100%, p = 0.043). There was no significant difference in RTS regarding bone union after fibular osteotomy.

Conclusion: The clinical outcomes including RTS were satisfactory in patients with hybrid CWHTO.

Level of evidence: IV.

Keywords: High-impact sports; Hybrid closed-wedge high tibial osteotomy; Knee osteoarthritis; Low-impact sports; Return to sports.

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Humans
  • Knee Joint / diagnostic imaging
  • Knee Joint / surgery
  • Male
  • Osteoarthritis, Knee* / surgery
  • Osteotomy
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Return to Sport*
  • Tibia / surgery