Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) has been the subject of numerous studies within the last 3 decades. PSMA-targeted imaging and therapy have significantly changed the management of patients with prostate cancer in various disease stages, especially in advanced metastasized castration-resistant prostate cancer. Lutetium-177-conjugated PSMA-617 or PSMA-I&T (Lu-PSMA) has shown promising results in multicenter retrospective and monocenter prospective trials. The aim of this review is to provide an overview of the history and current and future developments of PSMA-targeted therapy. A special focus of this review is on PSMA PET-guided management of patients receiving PSMA-targeted radioligand therapy.
Keywords: PSMA; Prostate cancer; Prostate-specific membrane antigen; Theranostics.
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