Gastric Cancer Epidemiology

Gastrointest Endosc Clin N Am. 2021 Jul;31(3):425-439. doi: 10.1016/j.giec.2021.03.001.


In the United States, the incidence of gastric cancer has decreased over the past five decades. However, despite overall decreasing trends in incidence rates of gastric cancer, rates of noncardia gastric cancer among adults aged less than 50 years in the United States are increasing, and most cases of gastric cancer still present with advanced disease and poor resultant survival. Epidemiologic studies have identified the main risk factors for gastric cancer, including increasing age, male sex, non-White race, Helicobacter pylori infection, and smoking. This article summarizes the current epidemiologic evidence with implications for primary and secondary prevention of gastric cancer.

Keywords: Environment; Genetics; Incidence; Risk factors; Survival.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Helicobacter Infections* / complications
  • Helicobacter Infections* / epidemiology
  • Helicobacter pylori*
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Risk Factors
  • Stomach Neoplasms* / epidemiology
  • United States / epidemiology