Public Health Interventions for Gastric Cancer Control

Gastrointest Endosc Clin N Am. 2021 Jul;31(3):441-449. doi: 10.1016/j.giec.2021.03.002.


Despite its generally decreasing trend in incidence, gastric cancer remains the fifth-most common cancer worldwide. Gastric cancer has substantially declined over the past century, thanks to decreases in risk factors such as Helicobacter pylori infection, tobacco smoking, and salt-preserved food intake. These decreases have resulted from natural interventions and population-based intervention strategies. H pylori eradication for infected patients has potential as a prevention strategy for those at high risk, but warrants a longer follow-up period. The ongoing increase in obesity prevalence may cause an increase in cardia gastric cancer, especially in Western populations, and should be carefully monitored.

Keywords: Gastric cancer; Intervention; Prevention; Risk factor.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Helicobacter Infections* / epidemiology
  • Helicobacter Infections* / prevention & control
  • Helicobacter pylori*
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Public Health
  • Risk Factors
  • Stomach Neoplasms* / epidemiology
  • Stomach Neoplasms* / prevention & control