GABAergic System Dysfunction and Challenges in Schizophrenia Research

Front Cell Dev Biol. 2021 May 14;9:663854. doi: 10.3389/fcell.2021.663854. eCollection 2021.

Abstract

Despite strenuous studies since the last century, the precise cause and pathology of schizophrenia are still largely unclear and arguably controversial. Although many hypotheses have been proposed to explain the etiology of schizophrenia, the definitive genes or core pathological mechanism remains absent. Among these hypotheses, however, GABAergic dysfunction stands out as a common feature consistently reported in schizophrenia, albeit a satisfactory mechanism that could be exploited for therapeutic purpose has not been developed yet. This review is focusing on the progress made to date in the field in terms of understanding the mechanisms involving dysfunctional GABAergic system and loops identified in schizophrenia research.

Keywords: GABAergic system; animal models; oscillations; schizophrenia; stem cells.

Publication types

  • Review