Supramolecular Assembly of Hybrid Pt(II) Porphyrin/Tomatine Analogues with Different Nanostructures and Cytotoxic Activities

ACS Omega. 2021 May 4;6(20):13284-13292. doi: 10.1021/acsomega.1c01239. eCollection 2021 May 25.


A simple strategy for synthesizing supramolecular hybrids was developed for the preparation of bioavailable nanohybrid photosensitizers by assembling visible-light-sensitive Pt(II) meso-tetrakis(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrinporphyrin (PtTCPP)/tomatine analogues. The hybrids were self-assembled into nanofibrous or nanosheet structures approximately 3-5 nm thick and several micrometers wide. α-Tomatine generated a unique fibrous vesicle nanostructure based on intermolecular interactions, while dehydrotomatine generated nanosheet structures. Nanoassembly of these fibrous vesicles and sheets directly affected the properties of the light-responsive photosensitizer for tumor photodynamic therapy (PDT), depending on the nanostructure of the hybrid PtTCPP/tomatine analogues. The cytotoxicity of PtTCPP to cancer cells under photoirradiation was significantly enhanced by a tomatine assembly with a fibrous vesicle nanostructure, attributable to increased incorporation of the drug into cells.