The effect of health education on prevention of low back pain for health caregivers and cleaning workers

Int J Nurs Pract. 2021 May 30;e12973. doi: 10.1111/ijn.12973. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of health education on prevention of low back pain for health caregivers and cleaning workers.

Background: Low back pain is a common health problem in the workplace. Health education is important in the prevention and recurrence of low back pain.

Methods: A quasi-experimental design with a pre-test and post-test control group was used. The population of the study consisted of health caregivers and cleaning workers working in a university hospital in Turkey. A total of 120 participants, 60 in the intervention group and 60 in the control group, were included in the study. Data were collected between October 2016 and April 2017. A questionnaire, the Oswestry Low Back Pain Scale and the Knowledge Evaluation Form were used to collect data. Health education was given to the intervention group.

Results: Following the health education, the mean scores of the Oswestry Low Back Pain Scale in the intervention group were significantly lower than the control group and had a larger effect size.

Conclusion: This study provides evidence for the effectiveness of health education in the prevention of low back pain in health caregivers and cleaning workers.

Keywords: cleaning worker; health caregiver; health education; low back pain.