Factors Associated with Regular Zumba Practice as Preliminary Results: A Population-Based Approach in Cebu Province, the Philippines

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 May 17;18(10):5339. doi: 10.3390/ijerph18105339.


The prevalence of overweight/obesity in the adult population in the Philippines has doubled in the past 20 years. Zumba exercise has recently been implemented throughout the Philippines. However, there is scarce information on the effects of Zumba on obesity and Zumba participants' characteristics in the Philippines. This study described the current practice of Zumba in the Philippines, along with the practitioners' characteristics, and identified factors associated with Zumba participation. In this observational, cross-sectional study, a structured questionnaire was used to survey 10 Zumba locations in September 2019. Anthropometric measurements of participants were assessed. Respondents included 171 women (88.6%) and 22 men (11.4%), with a mean (±standard deviation [SD]) age of 44.1 (±8.9) years. All respondents answered that Zumba was enjoyable, and some answered "very enjoyable". Determinants of frequent participation were as follows: being older than the mean age of participants, starting Zumba to enjoy dancing, starting Zumba not to lose weight, shopping mall location, and participation fee required. "To enjoy dance" being a motivation for Zumba practice was identified as a determinant of frequent participation rather than "to lose weight." The element of "enjoyable" may strongly influence the continuation and frequent participation of Zumba exercise in the Philippines.

Keywords: Cebu city; Philippines; Zumba; exercise; non-communicable diseases; physical activity.

Publication types

  • Observational Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Dancing*
  • Exercise*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Motivation
  • Philippines / epidemiology