Genetic Factors of Predisposition and Clinical Characteristics of Rheumatoid Arthritis in Russian Patients

J Pers Med. 2021 May 25;11(6):469. doi: 10.3390/jpm11060469.


Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a multifactorial disease caused by a genetic predisposition and environmental factors. Predisposing alleles of various genes have a relatively small influence on the disease risk when they appear separately, but in combination, they predispose an individual to RA development. We genotyped 125 patients with RA including 60 SNPs and sequenced coding part of six genes by next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology on a target panel (IAD177464_185). According to our data, the alleles HLA-DRB1*04, HLA-DRB1*01, HLA-B*27, PTPN22 (rs2476601), TNF (rs1800629), TPMT (rs2842934), and IL4 (rs2243250), and genotypes HLA-DRB1*04:04, HLA-DRB1*01:16, PTPN22 (rs2476601), TPMT (rs2842934), were significantly associated with the RA development. Associations with clinical criteria (DAS28-CRP, HAQ-DI, and CDAI) and biochemical factors were investigated. We have shown that the PADI4 genotypes (rs11203367, rs2240340, rs11203366, and rs874881) are significantly associated with the baseline levels of DAS28-CRP, HAQ-DI, and CDAI; genotypes IL23R (rs7530511) and TNFRSF1A (rs748004, rs2228144) with the level of anti citrullinated peptide antibodies (ACPA); the genotypes DHODH (rs3213422) and MTHFR (rs180113) with the concentration of C-reactive protein (CRP); and the genotypes IL2RA (rs2104286), IRAK3 (rs11541076), and IL4R (rs1801275) with the level of rheumatoid factor (RF). Application of targeted NGS panel contributes to expanded genotyping to identify risk groups among the RA patients.

Keywords: NGS; genetic predisposition; genotyping; polymorphism; rheumatoid arthritis.