Urinary Incontinence in Physically Active Older Women of Northeast Brazil

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 May 30;18(11):5878. doi: 10.3390/ijerph18115878.


Low- and moderate-impact physical activity (PA) is associated with the prevention of urinary incontinence (UI). The objective of the cross-sectional study presented herein is to analyze the factors associated with UI in physically older active women who participate in senior community groups. The variable UI was measured by the International Consultation Incontinence Questionnaire Short Form (ICIQ-SF). Socioeconomic variables were also collected, along with data on life habits and clinical history. The multivariate analysis employed Poisson's Regression with robust variance for factors associated with UI. Of the 106 participants evaluated, 54.7% presented UI, of which stress incontinence was more frequent, with 40.6%. UI presented a statistically significant association with dizziness/loss of balance during Activities of Daily Living (ADL) (prevalence ratio-PR 1.48; 95% CI 1.06-2.07) and nocturia (PR 1.63; 95% CI 1.05-2.55). Despite PA being a protection factor, UI presented an elevated prevalence in the older population, and therefore, other biological, social, and cultural aspects could also contribute to the occurrence of UI in this age group. Moreover, physically active older women with UI presented nocturia and dizziness/loss of balance during ADL, regardless of education levels and the number of births. These findings can help improve multi-professional programs aimed at promoting, preventing, and managing UI in the public.

Keywords: elderly; exercise; loss of bladder control.

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living*
  • Aged
  • Brazil / epidemiology
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Prevalence
  • Quality of Life
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Urinary Incontinence* / epidemiology