The primary structure of the hemagglutinin of the apathogenic avian influenza virus A/chick/Germany/N/49 (H10N7) and of the serologically related strain A/mink/Sweden/84 (H10N4) pathogenic for mink has been elucidated by nucleotide sequence analysis, and the carbohydrates attached to the polypeptide have been determined. The H10 hemagglutinin has 65, 52, 46, 45, and 44% amino acid sequence homology with serotypes H7, H3, H1, H2, and H5, respectively. H10 and H7 hemagglutinins are also most closely related in their glycosylation patterns. There is a high sequence homology between both H10 strains supporting the concept that the mink virus has obtained its hemagglutinin from an avian strain. The sequence homology includes the cleavage site which consists of a single arginine as is the case with most other hemagglutinins exhibiting low susceptibility to proteolytic activation. The similarity in hemagglutinin structure between both H10 strains is discussed in light of the distinct differences in the pathogenicity of both viruses.