SARS-CoV-2 vs. Hepatitis Virus Infection Risk in the Hemodialysis Population: What Should We Expect?

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 May 27;18(11):5748. doi: 10.3390/ijerph18115748.


Since the dramatic rise of the coronavirus infection disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, patients receiving dialysis have emerged as especially susceptible to this infection because of their impaired immunologic state, chronic inflammation and the high incidence of comorbidities. Although several strategies have thus been implemented to minimize the risk of transmission and acquisition in this population worldwide, the reported severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) seroprevalence varies across studies but is higher than in the general population. On the contrary, the screening for hepatitis viruses (HBV and HCV) has seen significant improvements in recent years, with vaccination in the case of HBV and effective viral infection treatment for HCV. In this sense, a universal SARS-CoV-2 screening and contact precaution appear to be effective in preventing further transmission. Finally, regarding the progress, an international consensus with updated protocols that prioritize between old and new indicators would seem a reasonable tool to address these unexpended changes for the nephrology community.

Keywords: COVID19; SARS-CoV-2; chronic kidney disease; dialysis; hepatitis.

Publication types

  • Editorial

MeSH terms

  • COVID-19*
  • Hepatitis Viruses
  • Hepatitis*
  • Humans
  • Renal Dialysis
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Seroepidemiologic Studies