Plitidepsin has a positive therapeutic index in adult patients with COVID-19 requiring hospitalization

medRxiv. 2021 May 25;2021.05.25.21257505. doi: 10.1101/2021.05.25.21257505. Preprint


Plitidepsin is a marine-derived cyclic-peptide that inhibits SARS-CoV-2 replication at low nanomolar concentrations by the targeting of host protein eEF1A (eukaryotic translation-elongation-factor-1A). We evaluated a model of intervention with plitidepsin in hospitalized COVID-19 adult patients where three doses were assessed (1.5, 2 and 2.5 mg/day for 3 days, as a 90-minute intravenous infusion) in 45 patients (15 per dose-cohort). Treatment was well tolerated, with only two Grade 3 treatment-related adverse events observed (hypersensitivity and diarrhea). The discharge rates by Days 8 and 15 were 56.8% and 81.8%, respectively, with data sustaining dose-effect. A mean 4.2 log10 viral load reduction was attained by Day 15. Improvement in inflammation markers was also noted in a seemingly dose-dependent manner. These results suggest that plitidepsin impacts the outcome of patients with COVID-19.

One-sentence summary: Plitidepsin, an inhibitor of SARS-Cov-2 in vitro , is safe and positively influences the outcome of patients hospitalized with COVID-19.

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  • Preprint