Quality of labour and uncomplicated delivery care: a formative assessment of selected health facilities in Ebonyi and Kogi States, Nigeria

Afr J Reprod Health. 2020 Dec;24(4):69-81. doi: 10.29063/ajrh2020/v24i4.8.


Maternal Child Survival Program (MCSP) worked in Ebonyi and Kogi States between 2014 to 2018 to improve quality of maternal, child and newborn health care. A formative assessment was conducted in selected health facilities to examine the quality of care received by mothers and their newborns at all stages of normal birth on the day of birth. Health providers attending deliveries at 13 facilities in the two states were observed by trained health professionals. Forty health facilities with a high volume of at least 50 Antenatal Care visits per month and deliveries were purposively selected from 120 quality improvement health facilities. Screening for danger signs at admission was conducted for only 10.5% cases in labor and providers adhered to most recommended infection prevention standards but only washed hands before birth in 19.5% of cases. Chlorhexidine gel was applied to the newborn's umbilical stump in only 2% cases while partograph was used in 32% of the cases. No newborns received the full package of essential care. Potentially harmful practices were observed especially holding newborn babies upside down in 32% cases. Improved provider training and mentoring in high-quality care on the day of birth and strengthened supportive supervision may help to reduce maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality.

Keywords: Delivery Care; Maternal; Newborn; Nigeria; Quality.

MeSH terms

  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Delivery, Obstetric / standards*
  • Female
  • Guideline Adherence
  • Health Facilities / standards*
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Labor, Obstetric
  • Maternal Health Services / standards*
  • Maternal-Child Nursing / methods*
  • Nigeria
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care
  • Practice Patterns, Physicians'
  • Pregnancy
  • Program Evaluation
  • Quality of Health Care*